Heart Disease http://healthynett.org/heartdisease Read about heart disease (coronary artery disease) statistics, symptoms, treatment, risk factors, prevention, and more. Thu, 12 Mar 2015 00:47:52 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=4.2.8 Tips on Finding Know Heart Condition http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/tips-on-finding-know-heart-condition/ http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/tips-on-finding-know-heart-condition/#comments Thu, 12 Mar 2015 00:47:52 +0000 http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/?p=88 Continue reading Tips on Finding Know Heart Condition]]>  Tips on Finding Know Heart Condition

Tips on Finding Know Heart Condition- for more information List of Heart Conditions you can refer to the information below :

Heart conditions

List of Heart ConditionsThe heart is the most vital organ of the body. Any alteration in the proper functioning of this organ can have drastic effects on a person’s health and well-being. Due to the increasing stressful and chaotic lifestyles that we live nowadays, the incidence of heart diseases is on the rise. It is necessary that we are aware of the various complications that may arise.

Types of Heart Conditions

Medical conditions of the heart can be categorized according to the part of the organ that is affected and more often pathogenesis. This makes understanding these diseases easier. The various parts of the heart that lead to problems are as follows:

Heart Chambers – The diseases that affects the heart chambers is congestive heart failure due to a systolic or diastolic dysfunction.

Heart Muscle – This muscle when affected leads to a condition known as cardiomyopathy. The different types of cardiomyopathies are :

  • Restrictive cardiomyopathy
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy

Myocarditis is another condition that is caused due to inflammation of the heart muscle.

Heart Valves – There are a number of problems that develop due to a defect or alteration in the functioning of the heart valves.

  • Mitral stenosis
  • Mitral valve regurgitation
  • Mitral valve prolapse
  • Aortic stenosis
  • Tricuspid regurgitation
  • Tricuspid stenosis

Arteries and Veins – Heart diseases or disorders caused due to hardening of the arteries or blockage of the same are listed below.
Angina
Myocardial infarction
Coronary artery disease or Ischemic heart disease
Atherosclerosis – This is a condition where hardening of arteries takes place affecting the blood supply to the heart. Atherosclerosis is more of a risk factor causing heart diseases.
Electrical Conduction – The generic term for conditions developing due to alteration in the electrical system of the heart are known as arrhytmias. These arrhytmias mostly cause tachycardia. The different types of arrhythmias are:

  • Sinus tachycardia
  • Sinus bradycardia
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • AV block
  • Premature atrial contractions (PAC)
  • Atrial flutter
  • Supraventricular tachycardia
  • Multifocal atrial tachycardia

Heart Lining – The lining of the heart inside the muscle and the valves is known as endocardium. The outer lining is called pericardium. Based on the lining that is inflamed the conditions are called:

  • Ebndocarditis
  • Pericarditis
    These conditions also cause squeezing chest pain. These were the conditions which develop when a part or a particular function of the heart is altered or compromised.

Congenital Heart Disease

This heart condition is the one an individual is born with, due to certain genetic defects or alterations. Congenital heart disease may affect any part or function of this organ. It is categorized separately only because the causative factor for this disorder is genetic or inborn. Following are the conditions that a person is born with.

  • Hypoplasia
  • Obstruction defects
  • Septal defects
  • Cyanotic defects
    Each of the above mentioned defects has various conditions arising.

Rare Heart Conditions

This is a list of diseases that is not seen very often in people.

  • Atrial Myxoma
  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
  • Long QT Syndrome
  • Wolff – Parkinson – White syndrome
  • Supraventricular tachycardia
  • Atrial flutter
    Unless congenital, maintaining a healthy and strong heart is completely in your hands. A balanced diet that maintains your cholesterol, along with regular exercises will keep you away from various problems that arise due to an unhealthy lifestyle.

Given this exhaustive list, you must now be aware how important it is to take care of this organ. A healthy heart is the key to a healthy body, mind and soul.

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Characteristic Feature Of Stroke http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/characteristic-feature-of-stroke/ http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/characteristic-feature-of-stroke/#comments Mon, 09 Mar 2015 00:34:02 +0000 http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/?p=81 Continue reading Characteristic Feature Of Stroke]]> Characteristic Feature Of Stroke

In this occasion we will discuss about the characteristic feature of early stroke following information :

Introduction
strokeqqHandwriting is individual style of writing. When any person writes any letter, firstly the image of letter is cause in his mind and person tried to write this duplicate image of letter with the help of materials and hand muscles because our muscles control by the brain which guide the formation of letter and each vibration of movement is unconsciously affect the writer. In this study an attempt is made to differentiate the left handed and right handed writer by the horizontal stroke and the direction of slope. This is assumed that the Right Handed writers make strokes from left-to-right and Left Handed writers make strokes from right-to-left. The Right Handed writing and LH writing are differentiating by other characters like slope [1,2]. This slope can be examined in only cursive writing. The Right Handed writers makes forward slope and Left Handed writers makes backward slope. In the document cases document examiner eliminate many suspects with the help of this technique. The role of probabilities of handwriting characteristics was recognized over a hundred years ago. However their use in court testimony is not currently feasible due to the complexity of the problem. There have been very few efforts to characterize the statistical characteristics of such features, a notable one being [3]. On the other hand there have been efforts to compute features automatically but the features tend to be gross approximations of the characteristics employed or the features do not correspond to human determined characteristics at all.

Methodology
Total 100 HW samples were collected for this study, 50 were left- handed writing and 50 were right-handed writing. The collected HW samples were examined by various type of optical instrument such as stereoscopic microscope, hand lens, flexible arm illuminated magnifier and grid scale. The HW samples of LH writing and RH writing was observed for the characteristic features like strokes and Slope. Direction of stroke was examine in which letters having cross bar like t, f, A, I, E, F has a significant degree of variation in their formation among the LH writer and RH writer, its been presumed from that the LH writer makes the horizontal stroke in R-to-L direction in contrast to the RH writerwho write in L-to-R direction. The theory was postulated on hypothesis and was proved by statistical analysis. The slope was examined in only  cursive writing. For the purpose of this study six letters was selected like t, l, d, f, g and y. For the measurement of direction of slope a base line was draw in the bottom of letter and then letter was divided by the vertical line and measure the direction of slope with the help of grid. The RH writers makes forward slope and LH writers makes backward slope.
Results and Discussion
The results are given in detail from Tables 1-4. It is remembered that the fundamental question behind this project are: “What % of LH writers and what % of RH writers on the basis of direction of strokes and slope?’’
Discussion
The results reported here in from Tables 1-4 long with the related Figures 1-6 emphasizes on the difference between left-handed writer and right-handed writer it shows that the left-handed writer made strokes in right-to-left direction and the slope of letters has an inclination in  backward direction where as right-handed writer made stokes in left- to-right direction and the inclination of slope was in forward direction. These data of samples were checked by Statistical-Analysis. Significant P-value supported the hypothesis that there is significant difference in HW of LH writer and RH writer. Statistical study using various methods to calculate the probabilities of nearly 1500 writing styles of “and” were
determined and tabulated by Srihari and Ball [4], and suggested scope of further research in statistical analysis of handwriting
I hope with this information could be more helpful and useful. thank you for your interest and visit her.

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]]> http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/characteristic-feature-of-stroke/feed/ 0 Symptoms Of Angina Symptoms http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/symptoms-of-angina-symptoms/ http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/symptoms-of-angina-symptoms/#comments Fri, 06 Mar 2015 00:17:52 +0000 http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/?p=74 Continue reading Symptoms Of Angina Symptoms]]> Symptoms Of Angina Symptoms

Symptoms Of Angina Symptomsinformation this time we will discuss about the symptoms of angina for you who do not know the symptoms of angina that there could actually be able to read the information below angina symptoms.

Angina Symptoms To Look Out For :

coronary-artery-disease-ss-promoAngina is most often caused by narrowing of the coronary arteries because of atherosclerotic heart disease. There may be one or more arteries that are blocked and the amount of pain or other symptom severity is not necessarily related to the number of blood vessels blocked. Usually, there has to be at least a 50% narrowing of a coronary artery to cause symptoms.

Prinzmetal angina describes pain that is caused when a coronary artery goes into spasm temporarily decreasing blood supply to a section of heart muscle.

Microvascular angina describes narrowing of small arteries to cause areas of the heart to have decreased blood flow. The large coronary arteries may be normal.

Syndrome X cardiac disease describes decreased blood flow to the heart muscle with normal coronary arteries not caused by vasospasm that is seen in Prinzmetal angina. This may be a variant of microvascular angina.

Rare causes may also include abnormalities that occur with the coronary arteries that are not due to ASHD including scarring that can occur from chest radiation, inflammation of the arteries because of underlying illness like systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, Kawasaki’s disease, and congenital abnormalities affecting coronary artery anatomy.

Other causes of angina

  • Poorly controlled high blood pressure can place significant strain on the heart muscle as it continues to pump blood, causing pain.
  • Aortic stenosis describes the narrowed valve that controls blood flow from the left ventricle, the chamber of the heart that pumps blood to the body, into the aorta. If the valve narrows enough, blood flow into the coronary arteries located near the valve can be decreased causing pain.
  • Cardiomyopathy describes a variety of conditions where the heart muscle is unable to adequately pump blood to meet the body and the heart’s oxygen needs. Ischemic cardiomyopathy, heart muscle that has been damaged by atherosclerotic heart disease, is the most common type of cardiomyopathy.
  • Situations exist that can cause the body not to be able to meet the heart’s demand for oxygen. These include anemia and poisonings.
  • Other circumstances may occur where the heart’s oxygen demand is increased and angina occurs. Oxygen demand increases when the heart is asked to pump harder and faster. Examples include tachycardias like atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter that are out of control, fevers, hyperthyroidism, and the stress of major illness, infection, and trauma.

Some causes for angina are multifactorial. For example, a patient with atherosclerotic heart disease may become acutely ill or injured, where a fever or anemia may compound the inability of narrowed blood vessels to deliver oxygen to heart muscle cells. Or a patient who abuses cocaine can cause coronary arteries to constrict plus increase heart rate, leading to angina.

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This time we will discuss how to prevent angina, for those of you who do not know how to prevent you can read our article now ..

Tips to prevent angina

gejala aninaMaking Lifestyle Changes

  1. Use whole-grain breads, pastas and cereals and brown rice. Whole grain foods are rich in vitamins, minerals, phytochemicals and fiber. Whole grain means that the entire grain is used—including the bran, germ and endosperm. In refined, white flour products, only the starchy part of the grain (the endosperm) is used.

– Eating a diet rich in whole grain foods can help to reduce the risk of heart disease, obesity, diabetes (type 2) and even some cancers. It can also help you to combat angina.

  1. Lose weight. Weight loss is the cornerstone of home remedy in angina patients. Though it may take time to notice significant weight loss, the health benefits are immediately seen within a few days of trying to lose weight.- Losing weight controls other risk factors too, such as hypertension and diabetes, and also helps maintain your blood pressure and glucose level within the normal range. Sticking to healthy food and habits and adding exercise in your routine will ensure you losing some of your excessive weight if you’re obese.
    – And as always, don’t hesitate in consulting your doctor if you experience any negative side effects of your diet or exercise regimen.
  2. Start exercising regularly. Improve your cardiovascular health by doing exercises such as walking, biking, and swimming on a regular basis. Light jogging and brisk walking can be done with a doctor’s clearance. However, angina can be exacerbated with exercise, so make sure whatever you do is safe for you.-Weight lifting and other strenuous activities are not advisable. Keep the exercising to light cardio and more active-based endeavors like hiking, cleaning, dancing, and gardening.
  3. Eat small meals throughout the day. Meals divided into 5 feedings throughout the day will enhance the number of nutrients absorbed and used. This will prevent excessive storage of fat in the body. This will also prevent excessive pooling of blood in the digestive system after a meal, which is a trigger for angina.
  4. Quit smoking. There is no such thing as smoking “in moderation.” Three puffs of a cigarette stick will immediately narrow the opening of the coronary arteries. It will also induce injury in blood vessel walls. If you do smoke, make the life-saving change of not smoking as soon as possible!- Smoking is bad news for just about every other health-related issue, too. If you’d like to lower your risk of heart disease and cancer — and not to mention lengthen your life — stopping smoking is your ticket to doing so.

Changing Your Diet

1. Use whole-grain breads, pastas and cereals and brown rice. Whole grain foods are rich in vitamins, minerals, phytochemicals and fiber. Whole grain means that the entire grain is used—including the bran, germ and endosperm. In refined, white flour products, only the starchy part of the grain (the endosperm) is used.

– Eating a diet rich in whole grain foods can help to reduce the risk of heart disease, obesity, diabetes (type 2) and even some cancers. It can also help you to combat angina.

2. Choose a diet low in saturated and trans fats, and cholesterol. Aim for products that have 5% of each of these substances in the food pack or carton, and do not consume products that have over 10% of each of these substances. All of these substances can lead to an increased risk of heart disease, and may exacerbate your angina.

3. Up your intake of omega-3 fatty acids. Lower your intake of hydrogenated oils and substitute them with natural oils and Omega 3 fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids can help to keep your body running smoothly in a variety of ways; they can build cell membranes, control blood clotting and prostaglandin levels, and can protect against heart disease.

– Omega-3 fatty acid can be found in salmon, tuna, flax seeds, walnuts, and raw nuts.

4. Choose foods low in salt (sodium) content. Consume approximately one teaspoon of salt per day. Remove or cut out salty foods such as:

– Cured foods, foods in brine, condiments, and soy and teriyaki sauces.
– Use food products with reduced or no salt added. Cook and flavor foods with spices, herbs, lemon or vinegar rather than salt.

5. Use low –fat meat sources such as lean cuts of meat, poultry, and fish. These foods are low in saturated and trans fats and cholesterol. Saturated and trans fats can increase your chances of heart disease and stroke.

– Avoid processed high fat meats such as sausages, frankfurters, bacon, and cold-cut high fat meats.

6. Boil, roast, bake, steam, or poach instead of frying. If you fry food, use a nonstick pan with a small amount of vegetable oil or margarine. Butter is a saturated fat, so try to avoid cooking with it.

7. Choose fat-free products when possible. Use fat-free milk instead of whole milk or cream. Use fat-free or low-fat yogurt and cheeses. Avoid ice cream. Limit egg yolks, though you can still eat egg whites.

– After making sauces or soups, refrigerate them and later remove the fat from the top of the sauces and soups.

Getting Medical Treatment

1. Get diagnosed by your doctor. If you visit your doctor complaining of chest pain, he or she may decide it’s wise to do some tests to determine the cause. If he or she suspects it may be angina, the following are the tests that may be conducted:

– Electrocardiography “ECG”. It has normal results with 50% of patients, but during the attack, about 50% of patients with normal resting ECG show abnormalities, including abnormalities for arrhythmias and arterial blockages.
– Chest x-ray film. This usually shows normal results and can be used for patients with previous myocardial infarction, pericardial effusion or acute pulmonary edema as it reveals cardiomegaly (enlargement of heart muscles).
Exercise stress testing.

– Exercise with ECG monitoring, usually the choice for patients without baseline abnormalities or when ischemia is not localized anatomically.
– Stress echocardiography. This evaluates segmental wall motion during exercise (in other words, it shows movements in heart walls so it can detect defection sites). This is usually the choice for patients with baseline ECG abnormalities, and to localize ischemia sites and evaluate its severity.

2. Consider starting on Nitrates. If your doctor prescribes you something, odds are it will be a Nitrate. Nitrates, such as nitroglycerin, isosorbide mononitrate (ISMN), and isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) all provide chest pain relief by relaxing and widening the opening of blood vessels in the whole body. Here are the details:

– Nitroglycerin has been used for more than 100 years because of its rapid symptom relief. It is placed in the space under the tongue; the medication will melt on its own and directly reach the heart blood vessels through this route. The typical dose is 0.4 or 0.6 mg.
– Side effects of nitroglycerin include light headedness, headache, or a throbbing feeling in the head. It is rarely nagging at the usual dose for angina.
– ISMN is given as an oral tablet or skin patch. It does not give as rapid relief as nitroglycerin.The recommended dose is 30-120 mg once daily for oral tablets or 5-25 mg/day for patches.
– The side effects are light headedness, headache, or a throbbing feeling in the head.
– ISDN is given as oral tablet or skin patch. The recommended dose is 10-60mg twice or thrice daily for oral tablets and 5-25 mg/day for patches.
The side effects are light headedness, headache, or a throbbing feeling in the head.

3. Alternatively, look into beta-blockers. Beta-blockers reduce oxygen demand by slowing down the heart rate and reducing the force of the heart’s muscle contractions. The two most popular examples are metoprolol and propranolol. These drugs are best used when reducing angina risks during exercise.

– The recommend dose for metoprolol is 50–200 mg twice daily; the recommended dose for propranolol is 80–120 mg twice daily.
– The main side effects of beta blockers are slow heart rate, shortness of breath, increasing blood sugar, and depression. Asthma and diabetes patients should consult a doctor first before taking this drug.

4. Or consider calcium channel blockers. Calcium channel blockers act by preventing calcium from causing strong heart contractions and by relaxing the heart arteries. It is used as an alternative when beta-blockers and nitrates are not effective. Some popular examples are amlodipine and verapamil.

– The recommended dose for amlodipine is 5-10 mg once a day; the recommended dose for verapamil is 80-160 mg three times a day.
– The side effects for calcium channel blockers are commonly swelling of the feet and headache.

5. For severe cases, consider angioplasty. The most common indication for angioplasty is angina with no response to medical therapy. In this procedure, a balloon is inserted into the site of clogging in the heart artery. The balloon is inflated to flatten the clog and a stent may or may not be placed to avoid blockage of the same spot.

–  Primary success can be seen in 95% of cases. Recurrent fat deposition in the treated vessels will occur in approximately 20% of cases within 6 months.
– The main drawback of this procedure is the need for more follow-ups and repeat procedures in the event of repeat clogging of the treated artery.

6. For incredibly severe cases, consider coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). CABG is generally reserved for very severe cases such as those involving three arteries. Here’s how it’s done:

– A detour is made before the site of clog within the artery by cutting a portion of a long vein, such as the Saphenous vein, to serve as the detour. The volunteer vein will still be functional after the procedure. Then, the harvested vein’s ends will be stitched on both the sites before and after the clog. This creates a detour for better blood flow.

– The procedure will provide symptom relief in more than 90% of cases. Fat deposition in the detour vein occurs in 10-20% of patients during the first year after operation.

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Tips To Find Out Angina http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/tips-to-find-out-angina/ http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/tips-to-find-out-angina/#comments Tue, 03 Mar 2015 00:39:21 +0000 http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/?p=52 Continue reading Tips To Find Out Angina]]> Tips to find out angina

Tips on how to find out angina you can read this artkel because this time we will discuss about how to know the different causes of angina from the start, to the level of symptoms of the disease.. The following information….>>

Angina

anginaIf you have a feeling of pressure or a squeezing in your chest, it may be angina. It can feel like a heart attack, but often it’s a warning sign from your heart.

There’s a lot you can do to stop it from happening. Usually, medicine along with lifestyle changes can control angina. If it’s more severe, you may need surgery, too. Or you may need a stent, a tiny tube that props open arteries.

The chest pain you feel with angina happens because there isn’t enough blood flowing to part of your heart. It’s a symptom of heart disease, and it’s caused when something blocks the arteries that bring oxygen-rich blood to your heart.

Angina usually goes away quickly, but it can be a symptom of a life-threatening heart problem. Call your doctor if you have angina. It’s important to find out what’s going on and to talk about what you can do to avoid a heart attack in the future.

There are different types of angina:

Stable angina is the most common. Physical activity or stress can trigger it. It usually lasts a few minutes, and it goes away when you rest. It isn’t a heart attack, but it’s a sign that you’re more likely to have one in the future. Tell your doctor if this happens to you.

Unstable angina. It happens while you’re at rest or not very active. The pain can be strong and long lasting, and can come back again and again. It can be a signal that you’re about to have a heart attack, so see a doctor right away.

Prinzmetal’s angina (also called variant angina) is rare. It might happen at night during sleep or while at rest. The heart arteries suddenly tighten or narrow. It can cause a lot of pain, and you should get it treated.

well with this information you can better know what it is angina and what causes angina was timul, this information may be useful to you

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]]> http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/tips-to-find-out-angina/feed/ 0 The Types Of Heart Disease http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/the-types-of-heart-disease/ http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/the-types-of-heart-disease/#comments Fri, 27 Feb 2015 00:23:44 +0000 http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/?p=40 Continue reading The Types Of Heart Disease]]> The Types Of Heart Disease

The following information :

Symptoms & Types

jantung1the types of heart disease – There are many types of heart disease. Here’s where to get quick facts on each one — including warning signs and symptoms.

Symptoms
Symptoms of Heart Disease

Here’s a fast, easy-to-understand guide to the symptoms of each type of heart disease.
Warning Signs
When to Call the Doctor

If you or a loved one has heart disease, when must you call the doctor? When should you head for the emergency room? Click here for clear, fast information.
Angina

Doctors call it angina pectoris. You call it chest pain. It may feel like indigestion — or like an elephant just stepped on your chest. Here’s what it means.
Types
Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary artery disease is America’s No.1 killer, affecting more than 13 million Americans.
Enlarged Heart (Cardiomegaly)

An enlarged heart (cardiomegaly) can have various causes. But it’s usually caused by high blood pressure (hypertension) or coronary artery disease.
Heart Attack

You know there’s nothing funny about a heart attack. There’s a lot more to learn. Here’s what you need to know: no more, no less.
Irregular Heart Rhythm

Irregular heart rhythm — arrhythmia — is when your heart doesn’t keep up a good beat. Learn what it means here.
Atrial Fibrillation

It’s the most common kind of irregular heart beat. Here’s where to find out what it is, and what to do about it.
Tool: Heart Rhythm Disorders

Irregular heart rhythms can cause the pumping function of the heart to fail. See how.
Heart Valve Disease

You may not know what a heart valve is — until it stops working right. It’s a common form of heart disease. Here’s an illustrated guide.
Sudden Cardiac Death

This is the cause of half of all heart disease deaths. Find out why here.
Congenital Heart Disease

Not everyone gets heart disease. Some are born with it. Here are the facts on congenital heart disease.
Enlarged Heart (Cardiomegaly)

Learn the causes, symptoms, and treatment of an enlarged heart.
Heart Muscle Disease (Cardiomyopathy)

Heart muscle disease — what doctors call cardiomyopathy — is as serious as it sounds. Here’s a brief overview.
Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Symptoms of DC –dilated cardiomyopathy — can appear at any age. Learn to recognize them here.
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

HCM — hypertrophic cardiomyopathy — is a thickening of the walls of the heart. Here’s a brief overview.
Restrictive Cardiomyopathy

Restrictive cardiomyopathy is the rarest form of heart-muscle disease. Here’s an overview.
Pericarditis

Did you know that your heart is held by a little sac? That sac — the pericardium — can get infected. It’s called pericarditis or pericardial disease. Here’s more.
Pericardial Effusion

Fluid around the heart can be caused by various types of infection/inflammation or cancer, kidney disease or heart surgery. This fluid can impair heart function. Read more in this technical article written for doctors.
Marfan Syndrome

This inherited genetic defect weakens connective tissues — including those in the heart. Click here to learn more.
Heart Murmurs

Most heart murmurs are innocent: They are caused by blood flowing through healthy valves in a healthy heart and do not require treatment. However, heart murmurs can be caused by blood flowing through a damaged or overworked heart valve.

That’s all we can say hopefully useful….

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Tips to find out the signs of stroke symptoms should be aware http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/tips-to-find-out-the-signs-of-stroke-symptoms-should-be-aware/ http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/tips-to-find-out-the-signs-of-stroke-symptoms-should-be-aware/#comments Thu, 26 Feb 2015 00:31:37 +0000 http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/?p=31 Continue reading Tips to find out the signs of stroke symptoms should be aware]]> Tips to find out the signs of stroke symptoms should be aware

signs-and-symptoms-of-stressSince oxygen is carried to tissues in the blood, insufficient blood supply causes tissue to become starved of oxygen. In the highly aerobic tissues of the heart and brain, irreversible damage to tissues can occur in as little as 3–4 minutes at body temperature. The kidneys are also quickly damaged by loss of blood flow. Tissues with slower metabolic rates may undergo irreversible damage after 20 minutes.

Clinical manifestations of acute limb ischemia (which can be summarized as the “six P’s”) include pain, pallor, pulseless, paresthesia, paralysis, and poikilothermia.

Without immediate intervention, ischemia may progress quickly to tissue necrosis and gangrene within a few hours. Paralysis is a very late sign of acute arterial ischemia and signals the death of nerves supplying the extremity. Foot drop may occur as a result of nerve damage. Because nerves are extremely sensitive to hypoxia, limb paralysis or ischemic neuropathy may persist after revascularization and may be permanent.

Cardiac ischemia

Cardiac ischemia may be asymptomatic or may cause chest pain, known as angina pectoris. It occurs when the heart muscle, or myocardium, receives insufficient blood flow. This most frequently results from atherosclerosis, which is the long-term accumulation of cholesterol-rich plaques in the coronary arteries. Ischemic heart disease is the most common cause of death in most Western countries and a major cause of hospital admissions.

Bowel

Both large and small bowel can be affected by ischemia. Ischemia of the large intestine may result in an inflammatory process known as ischemic colitis. Ischemia of the small bowel is called mesenteric ischemia.

Brain
Brain ischemia is insufficient blood flow to the brain, and can be acute (i.e., rapid) or chronic (i.e., long-lasting). Acute ischemic stroke is a neurologic emergency that may be reversible if treated rapidly. Chronic ischemia of the brain may result in a form of dementia called vascular dementia. A brief episode of ischemia affecting the brain is called a transient ischemic attack (TIA), often erroneously referred to as a “mini-stroke”.

Occlusion
The thrombi may dislodge and may travel anywhere in the circulatory system, where they may lead to pulmonary embolus, an acute arterial occlusion causing the oxygen and blood supply distal to the embolus to decrease suddenly. The degree and extent of symptoms depend on the size and location of the obstruction, the occurrence of clot fragmentation with embolism to smaller vessels, and the degree of peripheral arterial disease (PAD).

Thromboembolism (blood clots)
Embolism (foreign bodies in the circulation, e.g. amniotic fluid embolism)

~ Tips to find out the signs of stroke symptoms should be aware ~

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Greetings chance this time we will discuss about the symptoms of stroke in women following information :

gejala strokeDuring a stroke, every minute counts! Fast treatment can reduce the brain damage that stroke can cause.

By knowing the signs and symptoms of stroke, you can be prepared to take quick action and perhaps save a life—maybe even your own. Watch a video about stroke signs and symptoms from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.

Signs of Stroke in Men and Women

Sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body.
Sudden confusion, trouble speaking, or difficulty understanding speech.
Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes.
Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance, or lack of coordination.
Sudden severe headache with no known cause.
Call 9-1-1 immediately if you or someone else has any of these symptoms.

Acting F.A.S.T. Is Key for Stroke

Acting F.A.S.T. can help stroke patients get the treatments they desperately need. The most effective stroke treatments are only available if the stroke is recognized and diagnosed within 3 hours of the first symptoms. Stroke patients may not be eligible for the most effective treatments if they don’t arrive at the hospital in time.

If you think someone may be having a stroke, act F.A.S.T.1 and do the following simple test:

F—Face: Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?
A—Arms: Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?
S—Speech: Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. Is their speech slurred or strange?
T—Time: If you observe any of these signs, call 9-1-1 immediately.

Note the time when any symptoms first appear. Some treatments for stroke only work if given in the first 3 hours after symptoms appear. Do not drive to the hospital or let someone else drive you. Call an ambulance so that medical personnel can begin life-saving treatment on the way to the emergency room.

Treating a Transient Ischemic Attack

If your symptoms go away after a few minutes, you may have had a transient ischemic attack (TIA). Although brief, a TIA is a sign of a serious condition that will not go away without medical help. Tell your health care team about your symptoms right away.

Unfortunately, because TIAs clear up, many people ignore them. Don’t be one of those people. Paying attention to a TIA can save your life.

~ Symptoms of Stroke in Women Who Must Beware ~

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This time we will discuss about the understanding of stroke , its causes and symptoms . The following information :

What is stroke?

stroke1Stroke occurs when the supply of blood to the brain is either interrupted or reduced. When this happens, the brain does not get enough oxygen or nutrients which causes brain cells to die.

Skull with red to indicate stroke
Strokes occur due to problems with the blood supply to the brain; either the blood supply is blocked or a blood vessel within the brain ruptures.
There are three main kinds of stroke; ischemic, hemorrhagic and TIA. This article will focus on ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes, as there is a separate Knowledge Center article for TIAs, which goes into specific detail about them.

In the US, approximately 40% of stroke deaths are in males, with 60% in females. According to the American Heart Association (AHA), in 2006, the stroke death rates per 100,00 population could be split into specific social groups at 41.7% for white males, 41.1% for white females, 67.7% for black males and 57.0% for black females.3

Stroke is also more likely to affect people if they are overweight, aged 55 or older, have a personal or family history of stroke, do not exercise much, drink heavily or use illicit drugs.5

What causes stroke?

rokokThe different forms of stroke have different specific causes.

Ischemic strokes4
Ischemic strokes are the most common form of stroke, with around 85% of strokes being of this type. They are caused by the arteries that connect to the brain becoming blocked or narrowed, resulting in ischemia – severely reduced blood flow.

These blockages are often caused by blood clots, which can form either in the arteries connecting to the brain, or further away before being swept through the bloodstream and into narrower arteries within the brain. Clots can be caused by fatty deposits within the arteries called plaque.

man with blood pressure monitoring device
Hypertension can lead to blood vessel ruptures and hemorrhagic strokes.Hemorrhagic strokes4,6
Hemorrhagic strokes are caused by arteries in the brain either leaking blood or bursting open. The hemorrhaged blood puts pressure on brain cells and damages them. Blood vessels can burst or spill blood in the middle of the brain or near the surface of the brain, sending blood into the space between the brain and the skull.

The ruptures can be caused by conditions such as hypertension, trauma, blood-thinning medications and aneurysms (weaknesses in blood vessel walls).

Transient ischemic attack (TIA)4,6
TIAs are different from the aforementioned kinds of stroke because the flow of blood to the brain is only disrupted temporarily for a short time. They are similar to ischemic strokes in that they are often caused by blood clots or other debris.

TIAs should be regarded as medical emergencies just like the other kinds of stroke, even if the blockage of the artery is temporary. They serve as warning signs for future strokes and indicate that there is a partially blocked artery or clot source in the heart.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), over a third of people who experience a TIA go on to have a major stroke within a year if they have not received any treatment. Between 10-15% will have a major stroke within 3 months.

~ Tips on finding out the cause of the arrival of stroke ~

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Heart Attack, Stroke, and Angina http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/heart-attack-stroke-and-angina/ http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/heart-attack-stroke-and-angina/#comments Fri, 20 Feb 2015 07:58:37 +0000 http://healthynett.org/heartdisease/?p=5 Continue reading Heart Attack, Stroke, and Angina]]> Heart Attack, Stroke, and Angina

The following information about stroke and heart disease or angina infomasinya following:

strokamDoctors call it the “Hollywood heart attack”: a middle-aged man breaks into a cold sweat, grimaces, and clutches his chest-just like in the movies. Trouble is, in real life, heart attack symptoms don’t always announce themselves so dramatically. More often they are insidious and puzzling, such as unexplained fatigue or abdominal discomfort, and many people wait for hours before seeking help.

Big mistake, doctors tell WebMD. The ability to quickly spot signs of heart attack, angina, and stroke can be life-saving. The sooner you call 911, the faster you can get to an emergency room for treatment. Early treatment not only minimizes heart- and brain-tissue damage, it can save your life.

But most people delay. the American Heart Association When it comes to medical emergencies, such as heart attacks and strokes, “The weak link in the chain of events leading to prompt and effective treatment is patient delay in seeking care,” according to a statement by the American Heart Association published in Circulation. The result? “Only a minority of eligible patients receive optimally timed treatment.”

Symptoms of Heart Attack: Why Do People Wait?

Often, people expect the Hollywood heart attack, so they may write off unfamiliar heart attack symptoms. For example, they may blame abdominal discomfort on indigestion. Women may also experience very different symptoms than men do, and fail to recognize them as signs of a heart attack.

“With some symptoms, we have a natural tendency to not act on them in the hope that they’ll just go away,” says Mohamud Daya, MD, MS, an associate professor of emergency services at Oregon Health & Science University.

Patients also delay because they fear making a fuss or feeling embarrassed if symptoms turn out to be a false alarm, experts say.

Heart Attack Symptoms: What to Watch Out for

During a heart attack, blood flow to heart muscle is reduced or cut off, often because a blood clot blocks an artery. When heart muscle is starved of oxygen-rich blood, it can die.

Ideally, treatment to restore blood flow, such as angioplasty or clot-dissolving drugs, should begin within 1 hour after symptoms begin, the AHA says. The faster you can get to the emergency room, the better your chance of survival. And yet, one study found that half of people with heart attack symptoms delayed seeking help for more than 4 hours.

~ Heart Attack, Stroke, and Angina ~

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